Venous Thromboembolism





Venous Thromboembolism is the clotting of blood in the veins, most commonly the leg veins. Venous thromboembolisms (VTE) are a silent killer of any generation or sex. There are many unknown risk factors that could contribute the development of venous thromboembolisms. 

Studies have shown that obese individuals are at twice the risk of developing VTE than average weight individuals. Not only the occurrence risk is increased but also the recurrent VTE risk as well, as the excess fatty tissue induces a low oxygenated state which leads to coagulation problems in the liver.


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You might be surprise to know that individuals who consume birth control pills mainly estrogen containing pills or estrogen only pills are at the higher rate of developing VTE compared to individuals who do not consume birth control pills. Estrogen is known to be a pro-clotting hormone, hence for a VTE patient, it might do more harm than help. Hence it is advisable to use combined birth control pills as prevention.

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Individuals who have a single sibling with VTE has a risk of 2 -3 fold but if >1 siblings are affected the risk increases to 20 folds. It is said that, those with a strong family history of VTE, should undergo regular monitoring and prevent other risk factors.


In cases of heart diseases, atherosclerosis can induce an episode of VTE . Hence any patient who has atherosclerosis has to been screened simultaneously for VTE and vice verse.



Dyslipidaemia: Studies have shown that high levels of bad cholesterol and low levels of good cholesterol are risk factors for VTE as increased cholesterol concentrations in the blood can cause clot formation.




By reading this we hope you have learnt a few things about Venous Thromboembolism, any other queries or doubts can be cleared by speaking to our doctors at