2019 Novel Coronavirus - A Deadly Pandemic Outbreak In the New Decade, 2020
History is a vehicle, loaded with all the significant events happened since the start of humanity. From drawing of figures on cave walls to clicking keyboards into the published books, history has been recorded to remind us of the significance and mistakes done in the past, thus humanity is able to improve and strive our steps forward. This impact is momentously seen in this episode of COVID-19 outbreak as the whole world has great awareness and responded immediately to the crisis as we all learnt our lesson during the SARS-CoV pandemic back in 2003.
Hereby, DoctorOnCall will transcribe the chronology of COVID-19 into to serve as a history for the future. The tracking of events are as follow:
December 27, 2019Officials in Wuhan, China has picked up 27 residents fell sick due to unknown virus. Most of the infected are hawkers and customers of the Huanan Seafood Market and presented with pneumonia-like symptoms. The authorities closed down the market and initiated a series of investigation to identify the “mysterious” virus.
January 1, 2020Rumours started to spread online about the sickness is due to a newly discovered deadly virus which began to instil fear in the Chinese. Police detained 8 people for investigation of this rumour spreading.
January 3, 2020Wuhan officials announced that there are 44 patients infected in the province and they ruled out the possibility of the common respiratory viruses infection including SARS. 5 suspected cases were also reported by the Hong Kong officials.
January 7, 2020The mystery has been solved when experts in China revealed that the outbreak is due to Coronavirus, named as COVID-19, a new strain which derived from the same family as SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. The numbers of infected are stacking up but no deaths are reported.
January 9, 2020A 61-year-old man with several underlying medical conditions who got admitted to the hospital in Wuhan passed away. This is the first reported case of death linked to this new Coronavirus and he passed away from respiratory failure and severe pneumonia. China subsequently shares the data of virus to the whole world, to ease the detection of infected in other countries.
January 13, 2020First confirmed case out of China is found in Thailand.
January 16, 2020First confirmed case in Japan.
January 17, 2020Second imported case in Thailand is confirmed. Another Wuhan resident, a 69-year-old man with severe myocarditis, kidney dysfunction and multiple organs damage passed away due to the complication of the virus.
January 18-19, 2020China has confirmed 198 cases, 126 cases itself are in Wuhan. Scientists have confirmed that this virus can be transmitted through human-to-human. 3rd death has been reported due to this new virus.
January 20, 2020First confirmed case in South Korea and Taiwan.
January 21, 2020First confirmed case in the United States and Singapore. WHO has decided to convene an emergency committee and discuss this matter on a global scale.
January 22, 2020The emergency committee has deferred the idea to declare as a public health emergency of international concern. China authority has banned all travel out of Wuhan, exercising the city lockdown. To date, there are approximately 600 confirmed cases worldwide, and the death toll has risen up to 17 people.
January 23, 2020China decided to lock down 3 more cities and cancelled all the New Years’s festivals. They also discourage travel and tourism. At this point in time, the virus has reached Vietnam and Macau.
January 24, 2020China quarantines 8 more cities in Hubei Province, which traps approximately 35 million residents in their respective cities. France is the first Europe country which reports its first 2 cases of COVID-19.
January 25, 2020Hong Kong authorities cancel school and public events until mid-February when they declare the highest level of emergency. Australia and Malaysia also confirmed the first COVID-19 appearance.
January 26, 2020China itself already confirmed 769 new cases and on a global scale, the number increases to 2801. This includes 461 severe cases and 80 deaths. HIV drugs are being researched to look for its efficacy on this virus, meanwhile, the Chinese CDC also starts to develop an effective vaccine.
January 27, 2020Germany, Canada, Cambodia and Sri Lanka confirmed their first cases. The number of cases infected increased by 2 folds which makes it 4580 total cases globally.
January 28, 2020Thailand has become the first country to exceed 10 cases but fortunately, there are no coronavirus-linked deaths in other countries.
January 29, 2020Finland and The United Arab Emirates has confirmed their first cases. Several countries suspended the flights to and from Chinese cities.
January 30, 2020WHO declares this pandemic as “public health emergency of international concern”, in short, it means a global emergency. The unconfirmed case in Brazil is proven to be a hoax, meaning there are no actual reports of COVID-19 in South America. India and Philippines also confirmed their first cases.
January 31, 2020To date, there are 9791 confirmed cases and the death toll stacked up to 213 people across the globe. Fortunately, there are 187 infected who got recovered from COVID-19 infection.
February 2, 2020The first death of 44-year-old Chinese male related to COVID-19 outside China is reported in the Philippines. Phillippines authority has already imposed a travel ban for travellers from China, Hong Kong and Macao, and a 14-day quarantine for local residents. To date, the cases confirmed reached 17446 and the death toll stacked up to 362 people.
February 3, 2020China authorities have started using Ramdesivir, an antiviral drug used during the Ebola outbreak to contain 2019 Novel Coronavirus. The first Coronavirus hospital, Hospital HuoShenShan has been successfully completed in 10 days and started operating immediately.
February 4, 2020Hong Kong has reported the first death due to COVID-19 and this marks the second case of death out of China. Belgium also reported its first case in the country.
February 5, 202010 people from a cruise ship in Yokohama, Japan has been tested positive for COVID-19. To date, the number of the diagnosed case has reached 28274 and the death toll has stacked up to 565 cases.
February 7, 2020
61 people in the cruise ship in Yokohama, Japan tested with positive COVID-19, increases the confirmed case to 86 in Japan.
February 9, 2020
The death toll of COVID-19 reaches 800, exceeding the death toll of SARS outbreak back in 2003.
February 11, 2020
WHO assigned a new name for this virus, which is COVID-19. This outbreak has already taken over 1000 lives.
February 12, 2020
The Malaysian Government is advised to be prepared to face the possibility of widespread outbreaks. The number of cases worldwide is 44, 787 involving 25 countries and 1,112 deaths.
February 13, 2020
A new case of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is confirmed, bringing the cumulative number of reported COVID-19 cases to date to a total of 19. An alleged hospitalised case of COVID-19 in Penang hospital is confirmed to be false.
February 14, 2020
Four individuals infected with COVID-19 have been allowed to return, bringing the total number of COVID-19 cases cured and allowed to return to 7 out of 19 confirmed cases. Otherwise, no new cases were reported. The drastic increase in the number of COVID-19 positive cases in China is due to a change in the definition of the COVID-19 positive case in Hubei Province.
February 15, 2020
The The Ministry of Health Malaysia (MOH) has announced that two new cases have been reported, bringing the cumulative number of reported COVID19 cases to 21. The number of reported cases is 66,938 cases involving 25 countries and 1,523 deaths.
February 17, 2020
MOH announces that a case has been fully recovered and the patient was allowed to return. There are no recent cases in Malaysia. Of the 22 identified COVID-19 cases in Malaysia, 9 patients have been recovered & discharged from the ward. Meanwhile, Singapore has confirmed 2 new cases, and Thailand has approved a new COVID-19 case. Taiwan recorded its first death from COVID-19.
February 18, 2020
All 107 Malaysians and family members who have been deported from Wuhan were allowed to return home. Two of them who are positive for COVID-19 were allowed to return home adding to a total of 22 cases in Malaysia and 11 patients were discharged from ward in Malaysia.
February 19, 2020
MOH announced that 2 more cases have been fully recovered and allowed to return home today bringing the total number of cases fully restored to 15 and only 7 cases are still being treated in the ward. To date, the number of cases worldwide has been 75,201 cases involving 26 countries and 2,012 deaths.
February 20, 2020
MOH announced that two more cases had been fully recovered and allowed to return. No new cases were reported. This has resulted in a total of 22 cases in Malaysia, 17 have been fully recovered and only 5 are still hospitalized.
Written by: Dr Mohd Ramzdhan Bin Mohd Masdar
MD (Crimea State Medical University)1 Feb 2020