OverviewAllergic conjunctivitis is an acute, chronic or intermittent inflammation of the conjunctiva due to exposure to allergens. Conjunctiva is the thin and clear tissue lining the eyeball and eyelids, except the cornea. It is a common eye problem.
Signs and SymptomsBilateral ocular itching, Whites of the eyes are red and sore, A feeling of irritation and watering in the eyes, A gritty feeling in the eyes, Swelling of the eyelids, Photosensitivity
Common CausesType 1 hypersensitivity reaction to a specific antigen , Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis are caused by airborne mould, spores or pollen during the spring, late summer or early autumn season, Perennial allergic conjunctivitis are caused by non seasonal allergens such as animal dander, dirt, cosmetics and dust mites
Risk FactorsPersonal history of atopic conditions such as asthma, hay fever and atopic dermatitis, Family history of atopic conditions such as asthma, hay fever and atopic dermatitis, Spring, late summer or early autumn season, Dust mites at home, Having furry animals as pets, Wearing cosmetics
Treatment and PreventionIdentify and avoid allergens, Putting a cool and moist washcloth on closed eyes a few times a day to relieve symptoms, Artificial tears eyedrops, Oral medications such as antihistamines or anti-inflammatories, Antihistamine or anti-inflammatory eyedrops