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Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia


Benign prostatic hyperplasia is also known as enlargement of the prostate gland. It is a common medical condition that happens as men grow older, usually 24 % risk for age between age 40-64 and 40% risk if older.

Signs and Symptoms

Frequent need to urinate, Urge to urinate, Difficulty starting urination, Poor urine stream, Dribbling after urinating, Unable to empty the bladder completely, Increased need to urinate at night

Common Causes

Cause of prostate enlargement is not clear, Changes in balance of sex hormones as men get older can be a possible cause

Risk Factors

Increasing age especially above 40 years old, Family history of prostate problems especially in first-degree relatives and if these relatives have had early onset benign prostatic hyperplasia, Diabetes, Heart disease, Use of certain medications such as beta blockers and over-the-counter ephedrine-like compounds for cold and cough, Obesity, Lack of physical activity, Alcohol intake

Investigation Techniques

Medical history, Digital rectal examination, Urine tests to rule out urinary tract infection or other medical conditions, Blood test, Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test, Urinary flow test, Postvoid residual volume test, Urodynamic studies, Transrectal ultrasound, Prostate biopsy, Cystoscopy

Treatment and Prevention

Lifestyle changes, Medications such as alpha blockers, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, combination of these 2 drugs, tadalafil, Surgery such as transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP), transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT), transurethral needle ablation (TUNA), prostatectomy, Laser therapy, Prostatic urethral lift
Information Updated on : Wed Feb 12 2020 16:04:04 GMT+0800 (Malaysia Time)
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