Minoxidil is commonly used in the treatment of severe hypertension and hair loss.
Minoxidil is a type of vasodilator. It works by dilating the blood vessels in the peripheries. It is not to be used as a monotherapy.
Fast Heart Rate, Pericarditis, High amount of hair over the body, Hypertrichosis, Change in hair colour, Fluid around the heart (pericardial effusion), Headache, Nausea, Abnormal ECG, Generalized swelling (oedema).
Alcohol consumption on Minoxidil treatment can cause further lowering of blood pressure.
Minoxidil may be unsafe to use during pregnancy as animal studies have shown risks to the foetus but human studies are still inconclusive. However, its benefits may outweigh the risk. Please consult your doctor before using it.
Minoxidil is found to be excreted in breast milk and the risks to infants is still largely unknown. Therefore, it is still not recommended to breastfeed while on Minoxidil.
There are no studies on the effect of Minoxidil on the ability to drive. Do not drive unless you are feeling well.
Minoxidil may require dose adjustments for patients with renal failure due to disturbance in salt and water balance. Please consult your doctor before using it.
Minoxidil is safe in patients with liver disease.