Sodium chloride 0.9% is commonly used to treat dehydration and as short term fluid replacement after trauma. It is also used as an irrigation solution for eye and nasal congestion.
Sodium chloride is the major extracellular cation. Sodium chloride is physiologically vital in fluid balance, water distribution and osmotic pressure control.
Hypernatraemia, thirst, fever, tachycardia, hypertension, headache, dizziness, restlessness, irritability and weakness.
It is unsafe to consume alcohol with sodium chloride. Taking Sodium chloride with alcohol may worsen the side effects such as headache, dizziness, lightheadedness, and palpitations.
Sodium chloride may be unsafe to use during pregnancy. Animal studies have shown side effects on the fetus, however, there are limited human studies. The benefits from use in pregnant women may be acceptable even with the risk. Please consult your doctor.
Sodium Chloride is probably safe to use during lactation. Limited human data suggests that Sodium Chloride does not represent a significant risk to the baby.
Sodium chloride should be used with caution in patients with severe kidney disease. In chronic salt-losing conditions, dose adjustment of sodium chloride may be needed. Please consult your doctor.
Sodium chloride should be used with caution in patients with liver disease. Dose adjustment of sodium chloride may be needed. Liver enzyme monitoring should be needed for patients with severe liver impairment. Please consult your doctor.