Colonoscopy refers to the endoscopic examination of the lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract / colon (large intestine including anus, rectum, sigmoid, descending, transverse, ascending colon and caecum. The terminal ileum also may be examined).
Screening test and detection of polyps and colorectal cancer
Explore the cause of unexplained changes in bowel habits
Evaluate symptoms of abdominal pain or bleeding
Find a reason for unexplained weight loss, chronic constipation or diarrhea