June 30, 2021 | Written By: Nurul Afiqah
What is contraception?
Pregnancy is a result of a man’s sperm reaching a woman’s egg and fertilizing it. This can be prevented by contraception. Pregnancy is a result of a man’s sperm reaching a woman’s egg and fertilizing it. This can be prevented by contraception. Pregnancy is a result of a man’s sperm reaching a woman’s egg and fertilizing it. This can be prevented by contraception.
Contraception works by:
There are different methods of contraception to suit the different needs and lifestyles of women. To choose a contraceptive method that works best for you, your doctor or pharmacist might also ask you several questions including:
Some contraceptive methods, such as the combined oral contraceptive pill, progestogen-only pill and patch, require you to be organized and to remember to take/apply them on time.
The frequency of using the contraceptive method and its effectiveness might also affect your choice.
Diaphragm with spermicide
Contraceptive cap with spermicide
Inserted just before sex
Male and female condoms
Used/inserted just before sex
98% (male condom)
95% (female condom)
Combined oral contraceptive pill
Natural family planning
Daily monitoring throughout the menstrual cycle
Renewed every 3-years
Intrauterine device (IUD)
Renewed every 5 years/inserted within 5 days after sex
Intrauterine system (IUS)
Renewed every 5 years
Male and female sterilisation
* If used correctly/according to instructions
Note: All the contraceptive methods mentioned above (except condoms) prevent pregnancy but do not protect you against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Condoms are the only contraceptive method that can also protect against STIs. You may want to discuss with your doctor or pharmacist to find out which contraceptive method best suits your needs and lifestyle
*The free doctor consult initiative is supported and fully funded by DoctorOnCall