June 30, 2021 | Written By: Lutfi Yunus
Contraceptive injections contain progestogens. Progestogen is a synthetic substance that has the same properties as the hormone progesterone. The hormone progesterone is a hormone produced at the end of the menstrual cycle. The injections will be performed by a health professional on the recipient muscles, usually in the back, but can also be given in the arm area.
How Does It Work?
The contraceptive injection works in the following ways:
• Prevent release eggs or ovulation.
• Makes the mucus at the entrance of the uterus thicker, so that prevents sperm from meeting the egg.
• Thins the lining of the uterus, thus reducing the possibility of implantation of a fertilized egg.
If the injection is done within the first 1 to 5 days of your period, it will have an immediate contraceptive effect. If you inject other than that time, your injection may not work immediately, and it is recommended to use additional contraceptive methods such as condoms for the first 7 days.
How Effective Are The Contraceptive Injections?
It has more than 99% effectiveness rate if used correctly.
What's the Advantage?
Some advantages of cone injection traseptives include:
• Each injection works for 8 or 12 weeks (depending on type), so you don't have to think about contraception every day or every time you have sex.
• You can use it during your breastfeeding period.
• It can be an option if you cannot take estrogen-containing contraceptive pills .
• In addition to having contraceptive properties, it can also reduce the symptoms of menstrual bleeding heavy and/or painful, and helpful when experiencing premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
What are the Side Effects?
Possible side effects include increase weight gain, headaches, emotional disturbances, and breast pain. If you experience side effects, they cannot be treated immediately, as the injection product cannot be removed from your body immediately. Side effects will continue as long as the contraceptive injection results are still active in the body.
You may experience increasingly irregular or longer periods or no menstruation at all. Usually not having menstruation is not dangerous, but talk to your healthcare professional if your menstrual bleeding is very heavy or longer than usual.
Depending on the type of contraceptive injection you use, it can affect estrogen levels in your body and cause thinning of the bones. However, bone formation returned to normal after the injection was stopped. Bone thinning problems may occur if you are at risk for osteoporosis, or if you are under 18 years old. Contact your healthcare professional to find out more.
After the injection effect begins to diminish, your fertility levels may take up to a year to return to normal. This method of contraception is not suitable if you want to plan to have a baby in the near future.
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