The Know-How To Combat Coronavirus Efficiently From Doctor- DoctorOnCall

Answered by: Dr Mohd Ramzdhan Bin Mohd Masdar
Updated on: May 2, 2020

Question:
Good day to you. I’m an avid user of internet and media social. Not to mention the multiple groups I have on Whatsapp. Since this COVID-19 outbreak, I was overwhelmed with all the information regarding this virus from all over the internet and whatsapp. Some of them I found really interesting and some are ridiculous. However, desperate times really did call for desperate measures. To my surprise my mom hung all sorts of herbs and leaves at our door to prevent the virus as we entered the house because someone shared it in our family whatsapp group. So, doctor, with all respect can I know the do’s and don’ts during this outbreak to spread it around and stop them from believing in the leaves they left at the door? I need to claim that it is from a legit doctor so they can’t say anything about it. Thank you in advance.
Answer:
Good day to you too. Thank you for your question and a good laugh from your story. I’m sure your mom knew it won’t work however she did it as the last resort. I read all sorts of tips to combat this virus. As what your mom did, it obviously won’t give any benefit, however it might cause harm if they rely on that and ignore the real precautions and steps to fight against coronavirus. Since I’m sure you're not the only one who’s facing this problem, I’ll write down the do’s and don’ts during the outbreak of coronavirus down here. Feel free to share it to everyone so they can practice and do the right thing.

1. Wash hands

The instruction of washing hands is found in every single article regarding COVID-19. What is the reason behind it? Why is it so crucial to wash hands repetitively? 

If you haven’t noticed yet, hands are easily exposed to various things including germs. This is because we often used it to touch any surface that was probably contaminated with the virus. You named it and hands would surely have touched it. Handlebar, public transport, toilet, doorknob, office, tables, and the list go on. 

That is why washing hands is very critical in the prevention of contracting or spreading the virus. The most efficient method to wash hands is by using soap and water as it is more reliable to kill viruses that contain fat layers on its surface. Meanwhile, hand sanitizer serves as an alternative in a situation when water and soap are not available.

Don't take it for granted. Wash your hands before and after touching anything.

2. Take note of the information regarding COVID-19 especially the symptoms of this virus

You are advised to always keep up to date with this current issue of coronavirus. Despite that, make sure the sources you get it from is valid and reliable sources such as from Ministry Of Health (MOH) or World Health Organization (WHO)

According to WHO, the symptoms that are frequently observed in those infected by coronavirus are as below:

    • Fever (more than 37.5-degree Celcius) 
    • Lethargy 
    • Cough 
    • Body and joint ache 
    • Sore throat 
    • Headache
    • Difficulty in breathing

3. If you’re in a high-risk group, avoid being in a public area

Those that fall into this group usually refer to individuals age 60 years old and above, having other chronic underlying health conditions such as heart problems, diabetes, high blood pressures, and others as they could experience more severe symptoms once they are infected. 

If you belong to this group, try your best to avoid crowded places or any activities involving crowds. 

4. Do not attend any assemblies or events 

Needless to say, this virus can easily be spread around and infect people. Thus, crowded areas serve as a breeding place which facilitates the spreading of viruses to everyone. Moreover, as different individual immune systems respond differently to this virus, it is difficult to identify whether any individual in the public space is infected by it. Thus, to reduce the risk of infection, it is best to avoid crowds. 

5. Stay put at home

Everyone is advised to stay home to break the chain in spreading this virus around. If you need to head outside, only go to the intended place. Do not go out in a group and spend time briefly outside. 

6. Do not travel to the high-risk country

Once in a blue moon would you only find an affordable ticket to your dream country. But, don’t be fooled by it because you might actually be paying it with your life. So, don’t take the risk.

7. Always be prepared for emergency situations such as “Total Lockdown” in your area or even the whole country as well as in a situation when you’re required to be isolated or self-quarantine.

You’re advised to be prepared for any emergency situation such as “lockdown” of the whole country or when you’re required to be quarantined for 14 days at home. Make sure you have enough but not excessive supply of food.

8. Practice Social Distancing

Social distancing is crucial to break the chain of this infection. Apart from avoiding crowded areas, assembly or event, you are also required to keep at least 1 meter away from people, especially those who had symptoms such as coughing or sneezing. 

9. Prioritize your health 

A healthy body is crucial to fight against this infectious disease. Although you’re required to stay at home, practicing a healthy lifestyle such as consuming a balanced diet is important. While you’re at that, do house chores or simple exercise to keep active at home.

10. Take care of people around you such as the neighbor that you are aware of in a high-risk group.

Being asked to stay put at home is not an excuse for not taking care of people around you especially those who suffer from chronic diseases and the elderly. Make sure they have adequate food supply at home and in case they need help, please call the relevant authorities.

11. Seek medical attention as soon as possible if you’re sick

Please get medical attention if you’re showing symptoms such as sore throat, cough, difficulty in breathing and fever. However, do not rashly intrude on the doctor. It is better if you call the clinic before coming in or get an online consultation beforehand. 

12. Practice the right coughing etiquette. 

Cover your mouth with the inner part of the elbow or even better if you use tissue whenever coughing or sneezing. Do not use your hand

13. Use the right mask

The appropriate mask against this virus is a surgical mask or N95 mask.

14. Clean your house and personal belongings. 

Clean your house regularly especially on frequently touched surfaces such as doorknobs, furniture, television controllers, handphones, keys, and etc.

1. Panic

2. Being selfish

3. Touch your face, nose, mouth, and eyes with an unwashed hand.

4. Use mask although you’re not sick 

5. Travel to public areas or any other places for other reasons apart from getting medical attention. 

6. Travel to a high-risk country

7. Refuse to get vaccinated 

8. Boycott product produced by the high-risk country

9. Go out from home and socialize with the public when you’re sick or suspected to be infected with COVID-19 

10. Hang out with friend and family when you’re suspected to be infected with COVID-1

11. Come to the clinic or hospital requesting for antibiotic



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