Answered by: Dr Sashini Seeni
Hello if i installed airpurifier, does it help to reduce the risk of tuberculosis or pneumonia from spreading?
Hello, thank you for your enquiry.
For your information, both tuberculosis and pneumonia are lower respiratory tract infectious disease causes by bacteria that can spread through airborne such as cough, sneeze, or talk, spewing nasal and throat secretions into the air. Having a close contact and stay within enclosed environment with the patient increases the risk of the transmission.
The common symptoms of such infectious diseases are fever, cough with sputum, shortness of breath, lethargy and profuse sweating. To be more particular for tuberculosis, there will be fever more than 3 weeks, night sweat, unintentional weight loss, coughing of blood and cervical lymph nodes enlargement.
Although their symptoms are similar, but tuberculosis is causes by bacteria called mycobacterium tuberculosis while there are a lot of different bacteria can cause pneumonia. Hence, further investigations and test is needed to different the both and their treatment plan are different as well.
There is no scientific evidence showed that air purifier can remove or filter the bacteria in the air, hence the risk of having an infection remain questionable. Yet air purifier is quite efficient in filtering dust, dander, pollen, mold and other common allergens in the home. You may need to compare a few different brands and model, and choose the best for your needs.
Meanwhile, wearing facemask and practice a good personal hygiene, keep distance from those who suspected to have such infection is a practical way to prevent from spreading of the disease.
Still, if there is anyone who suspected to have symptoms of tuberculosis or pneumonia, it is highly recommended to present to hospital for proper treatment and better outcome. Some of them may require to quarantine to prevent spreading of the disease.
Thank you, we hope our answer has been helpful.