Answered by: Dr Nur Syuhada binti Zulkifli
Hi Doctor, i have a question about Malaria.
As a common information malaria is a life-threatening mosquito-borne disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes.
My questions is:-
Hope doctor would help to answer it.
Greetings. Thank you for your questions.
Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans.
Malaria is caused by single-celled microorganisms of the Plasmodium group.
It is naturaly occuring. Malaria can occur if a mosquito infected with the Plasmodium parasite bites you. There are four kinds of malaria parasites that can infect humans: Plasmodium vivax , P. ovale , P. malariae , and P. falciparum .
P. falciparum causes a more severe form of the disease and those who contract this form of malaria have a higher risk of death. An infected mother can also pass the disease to her baby at birth. This is known as congenital malaria.
Malaria is transmitted by blood, so it can also be transmitted through:
Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) because of the loss of red blood cells. If not promptly treated, the infection can become severe and may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
A parasite is an organism that lives on or in a host organism and gets its food from or at the expense of its host. There are three main classes of parasites that can cause disease in humans: protozoa, helminths, and ectoparasites.
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